Today the world has become digital, all our work is either being done online or on some application. Today’s children also need gadgets to play, and because of this, gaming is also becoming very popular.

Due to these above reasons, the demand for people having in-depth knowledge of programming languages is increasing day by day, and they are being hired at high salaries. Because whether to build applications or run servers or develop gaming software, all these need programming languages.

There are thousands of programming languages that have been developed as of today and if you are planning to build your career in software development you don’t need to learn all. Having excellent command of anyone is enough for you to make your career in software development.

If you are still confused about, which programming language you should learn, so don’t worry; because here I have already done heavy work for you and draw a conclusion that which one is the most in-demand programming language that will assist you in choosing your programming language. 

Here is a list of the most popular programming languages for:

1. Python

Python is a programming language that is regarded as the easiest programming language to learn as due to its simple syntax, a large library of standards and toolkits, and also due to its integration with other programming languages.  So, if you are new to programming, python is the best to start with. Python is interpreted, as general-purpose programming, it is not designed for any specific problems it can be used to develop a variety of different programs. It was designed by Guido van Rossum and the same first appeared on 20th February 1991.

Python is a free, open-source programming language that can be used by everyone. It can be used to create a multiple programs such as:

  1. In Software engineering.
  2. In Python developing.
  3. In Research Analytics.
  4. In Data Analytics.
  5. In Data Science.
  6. In software development.

But here it is pertinent to tell new programmers who are willing to learn programming that Only learning python will not be sufficient to get a job. Because it has a con along with huge numbers of the pro. That is:

Con: Python is not suitable for android app development, in addition to python you have to learn Java and Kotlin.


Java was first introduced on the 23rd of May, 1995. It was designed by a Canadian scientist namely James Gosling. Java is a high-level, robust, class-based, and object-oriented programming language. Java is a famous language that is used to develop applications for various devices such as Computer apps, Mobile apps web apps, game consoles, data centers, Scientific supercomputers, etc.

Java applications are typically compiled to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of the underlying computer architecture. Java is based on C and C++ and the syntax of Java is similar to C and C++ but has fewer low-level facilities than either of them.

The popularity of Java can be estimated only from the point that, at present, Java is running on more than 3 billion devices worldwide. That means IT companies are actively using it for their software development, which creates enough job opportunities for people having in-depth knowledge of Java Programming Language.

Despite being so popular among the developers and widely used, Java has some drawbacks also, which need to be pointed out here:

  1. Java programs run on top of JVM so it consumes more memory.
  2. Java programs take more time to run compared to C/C++.
  3. Since memory and processing requirements are higher, hardware cost increases.
  4. Java does not support low-level programming.
  5. Users have no control over garbage collection in Java.

Despite the above-mentioned cons in Java, Java is one of the most famous and used programming languages in the IT industry due to its reliability, maintainability, and independent platform feature.

3.Java Script

JavaScript first appeared on 4th December 1995. This was designed by the Brendan Eich of Netscape initially and some other has also contributed to the ECMA Script Standard. It is generally used for building interactive websites Java powers the dynamic behavior on the most websites.

JavaScript engines were originally used only in web browsers, but are now core components of some servers and a variety of applications. The most popular runtime system for this usage is Node.js

Con: Internet browsers can disable Java Script Code from running, as Java Script is used to code-up adds that in some cases can contain malicious content.

4. C#

C# is a general-purpose, modern, simple and objective programming language, C# is pronounced as “C Sharp”. It was first introduced in the year 2000 and it is nothing but a faster and more secure version of Programming language C that was developed by Microsoft led by Anders Hejlsberg and his team within the .NET software framework. C# is used in the development of applications for Windows, browser plug-ins, and mobile devices. If you want to become a software developer C# may open plenty of doors for you as a software developer. e developer.

Cons: C# is less flexible than programming languages such as C++. It may have a steep learning curve, especially while resolving errors

5. C

C was first introduced more than 50 years ago i.e. in the year 1970 which was developed by Dennis Ritchie for developing system applications such as operating systems, databases, compilers, etc, especially the Unix Operating system. that can directly interact with the hardware devices.

It is a general-purpose programming language. C language is considered the foundation and the mother language of all the modern programming languages as most of the compilers, JVMs, Kernels, etc. are written in C language, and for beginners, if you are acquainted with C, you will not have to face any problem in learning other modern and popular programming languages because maximum programming languages follow C syntax, for example, Python, C++, Java, C#, etc. therefore, C programming is the best programming language to learn the fundamental concept of programming as a beginner.

Cons: C is a very old programming language hence it is not suitable for modern use especially in developing mobile applications. It has no simple syntax like Python.

Despite being old C continue to empower the world of programming and will remain active for a long time

6. C++

C++ was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup and first appeared in the year 1985. It is a powerful general-purpose programming language. It is used to develop operating systems, browsers, games, and other applications. C++ supports procedural, object-oriented, functional, and many other programming ways. This makes C++ powerful and flexible as well. C++ is still very much famous since it appeared first.

C++ is very much similar to C, as both programming languages have similar syntax, code structure, and compilation.

Cons: C++ is considered as one of the most complicated programming languages for new programmers as it has complex syntax. C++ does not support run-time checking, a method of detecting errors.

7. Go

Go is a statically typed, procedural Programming Language. It was designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson and it was first launched on 10th November 2009 as an open-source programming Language however, it has been designed in the year 2007.

This language supports the environment by adopting patterns alike to dynamics. Go is a comparatively new programming language, though it has a large number of the standard library and extensive documentation.

Cons: Go could not gain widespread use outside of Silicon valley.

8. Kotlin

Kotlin was developed by JetBrains and was first launched on 22nd July 2011 specially designed for Android applications development. Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference. JetBrains took inspiration from many programming languages for designing Kotlin Programming Language such as Java, Scala, C#, and Groovy. Java was the first preferred programming language for android apps development, but over time Kotlin has overtaken and now Kotlin is clearly loved by companies as well as Android app developers due to its Interoperability with Java Code, Easy Maintainability, Boosts Team Efficiency, and Reliability.

Cons: There are very limited resources for learning

9. Swift

Swift is a powerful and intuitive programming language for developing iOS, macOS, iPad, tvOS, and WatchOS. Swift was developed by Chris Lattner, Doug Gregor, John McCall, Ted Kremenek, Joe Groff, and Apple Inc. It was first introduced on 2nd June 2014. Swift programming language includes modern features of development and its syntax is concise which makes coding fun. Swift was built with great performance in mind that provides a safeguard to prevent errors and improve readability. Swift is much faster than other programming languages.

10. PHP

PHP is a general-purpose server-side scripting programming language that is embedded in HTML. It was designed by a Danish-Canadian programmer and was first introduced on 8th June 1995. PHP stands for the recursive acronym ” Hypertext Pre-processor”. PHP is generally used to manage dynamic content, databases, session tracking, and even build entire e-commerce sites.

Con: PHP doesn’t consider secure due to its open-source and because of the ASCII text file is easily available. It is also not suitable for huge content- based web applications. 

Conclusion: here above-mentioned 10 programming languages are the most famous programming languages, but it does not mean thereby that you have to learn all the above-mentioned languages to become a programmer. Only one of them is sufficient if you are an expert. In my opinion, to get a good job in software development you ought to have knowledge of at least four of the above-said programming languages of your choice depending upon the field which you choose.


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